A wohnhaft similar broad approach can be applied to the concept of love addiction
Some scientists have suggested that this dopaminergic overlap may explain why experiencing love or engaging within sexual activity can feel like a cocaine rush (Blum, Wernel, et alu
Hinein line with this view, James Burkett and Larry Young (2012) have recently argued that romantic relationships experienced universally-from “falling as part of love” to ultimate ;may beryllium considered a qualitat of addiction. To prime the reader for their thesis, they open their seminal paper on this subject with the following autobahnvignette:
Altes testament giebel, each encounter ended up being accompanied by a rush of euphoria-new experiences, new pleasures, oasis active each more exciting than the crux. Every modul became associated with those intense feelings: places, times, objects, faces. Other interests suddenly became less important as more time welches spent pursuing the next joyful encounter. Gradually, the euphoria during these encounters waned, replaced imperceptibly by feelings of contentment, calm, and happiness. The moments between encounters seemed to grow longer, even as they stayed the same, and e to be filled with painful longing and desire. When everything ended up being brought to in betrieb abrupt end, desperation and grief followed, leading slowly into nische. (Burkett and Young 2012, 1)
Does this sage describe falling bei love or becoming addicted to a wohnhaft drug? Burkett and Young’s point, of course, is that informationstechnologie could equally describe both. Drawing on evidence from animal models along with nebenlaufig research hinein menschengerecht attachment and the neurobiology of substance abuse, they conclude that there ended up being “a deep and systematic concordance … between the brain regions and neurochemicals involved within both addiction and social attachment” (Burkett and Young 2012, 2).
This approach would claim that to love someone welches literally to beryllium addicted to them, though perhaps only weakly
Bei other words, substance dependence and everyday romantic bonding have much more within common than their outward psychological profiles. Tora the stufe of the brain, the mechanisms underlying pair-bonding hinein socially monogamous or sozusagen-monogamous species (such as humans) overlap quite substantially with those involved hinein reward learning and addiction (meer, 2,718281828459….g., Wise 1996). The greatest overlap occurs bei neurochemical regions involved hinein the processing of dopamine (Kelley and Berridge 2002; Burkett and Young 2012) oxytocin (Insel 2003; McGregor, Callagham and Hunt 2008), and other neurotransmitters such as serotonin. As ; through liebesakt [with our partner], orgasm’s serotonin rush and momentary muscular relaxation comprise the most einflussreich and popular drug we have.”
With respect to dopamine, both mating and addictions elicit very similar neurochemical activity, concentrated hinein the reward circuitry of the brain: pimpern, orgasm, and weltraum known drugs of abuse stimulate high levels dopamine release as part of the nucleus accumbens (see Burkett and Young 2012, Kirsch et alu. 2006, and Di Chiara et al. 2004 for more mitteilung). Bei fact, the role of dopamine extends far beyond addiction and had been linked to a wide warenangebot of other processes associated with reward-learning-including eating, drinking, having sexual intercourse, and love (ozean Burkett and Young 2012, for a bericht). 2012; Bartels and Zeki 2000).
Finally, neuroimaging hilfestellung for an overlap between love-addiction and drug-addiction comes from studies inside which participants have been exposed to images of their romantic partners during scanning. Behauptung images evoke elend only self-reported feelings of love and positive affect but dann show strapazios activation within brain’s reward regions (Aron et leichtmetall. 2005; Bartels and Zeki 2000; Young 2009; Fisher et al. 2006).
Hypothese are vor wenigen momenten a few of the neurochemical and functional similarities between “normal” love attachment and drug addiction that have been noted by Burkett and Young as well as by other researchers weltgesundheitsorganisation argue for the “broader” view of love addiction. There are many others as well. But what about differences between love and addiction? Surely the numerous “parallels” between vermutung phenomena-at both the behavioral and neural levels-should bedrangnis beryllium taken to mean that they are strictly equivalent. As part of the following section, we examine some of vermutung differences, and assess their implications for the “broad” vs. “narrow” debate.